2014 Quadrennial Defense Review and the President's Budget

The White House officially delivered its fiscal 2015 budget today, asking for increased taxes on the wealthy and slashing the payments to health providers. The $3.9 trillion budget also plans to raise revenue to repair the nation's roads and bridges.

For the Pentagon’s piece of the pie—$495.6 billion in discretionary budget authority to be exact—specific details are not likely to be fully revealed until next week. But the large issues for the National Guard are already well known—Army force structure, A-10 divestiture and the impact of sequester.

Army Budget Overview and Slides
Air Force Budget Overview and Slides

Also released today was the 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), a legislatively mandated review of the Defense Department’s strategy and priorities, setting a long-term course for DoD as it assesses the threats and challenges that face the nation. The goal is to re-balance DoD strategies, capabilities and forces to address today’s conflicts and tomorrow’s threats.

Building on the 2012 defense strategic priorities, the QDR updates the strategic framework emphasizing three pillars

  • Protect the homeland, to deter and defeat attacks on the United States and to support civil authorities in mitigating the effects of potential attacks and natural disasters.
  • Build security globally, in order to preserve regional stability, deter adversaries, support allies and partners, and cooperate with others to address common security challenges.
  • Project power and win decisively, to defeat aggression, disrupt and destroy terrorist networks, and provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.

Alarmingly, in the ‘Protect the Homeland’ section, the QDR makes no mention of the National Guard and its role. Rather, it focuses on standard federal missions of nuclear deterrence, cyber security, missile defense and defense support of civil authorities. 

The QDR also puts forward planned fiscal 2019 force structure and end strengths for the services.

Department of the Army*
18 divisions (10 Regular Army; 8 Army National Guard)
22 aviation brigades (10 Regular Army, 2 U.S. Army Reserve and 10 Army National Guard)
15 Patriot air and missile defense battalions, 7 Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense missile defense batteries (all Regular Army)
Military Personnel: 440,000 - 450,000 Regular Army; 195,000 U.S. Army Reserve; 335,000 Army National Guard
*Specific numbers and composition of Army forces are not yet finalized as the Army balances forces, modernization and readiness, and considers innovative force designs.

Department of the Air Force*
48 fighter squadrons (26 AC; 22 RC) (971 aircraft)
9 heavy bomber squadrons (96 aircraft: 44 B-52, 36 B-1B, 16 B-2)
443 aerial refueling aircraft (335 KC-135, 54 KC-46, 54 KC-10)
211 strategic airlift aircraft (39 C-5, 172 C-17)
300 tactical airlift aircraft (C-130)
280 ISR aircraft (231 MQ-9, 17 RC-135, 32 RQ-4)
27 Command and Control Aircraft (18 E-3, 3 E-4, 6 E-8)
6 operational satellite constellations (missile warning, navigation and timing, wideband & protected SATCOM, environmental monitoring, multi-mission)
Personnel end strength: 308,800 AC; 66,500 Air Force Reserve; 103,600 Air National Guard
* Numbers shown for Air Force aircraft reflect “combat coded” inventory, that is, aircraft assigned to units for performance of their wartime missions.

Cyber Mission Forces
13 National Mission Teams  with 8 National Support Teams
27 Combat Mission Teams with 17 Combat Support Teams
18 National Cyber Protection Teams (CPTs)
24 Service CPTs
26 Combatant Command and DoD Information Network CPTs

For more detailed information, check out the following links. Also stay tuned to this blog and the NGAUS website for additional analysis as budget information comes in.

QDR Fact Sheet
QDR Press Release

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